Types of Home Invasion Crimes in Michigan
Nov. 8, 2019
“Home invasion” is basically a burglary of a building while someone is inside. The occupant might not even be aware that a burglary is in progress, but aggressive Oakland County prosecutors often charge these incidents as home invasions.
There are a number of possible defenses. Burglary and other personal crimes almost always involve eyewitnesses. These identifications often suffer from a number of deficiencies, including cross-racial bias. If a person of one race looks at a photo or live lineup which contains people of another race, all these individuals may look alike. That’s especially true if the suspect home invaders made any attempt to conceal their identities or the witness only got a brief look at the suspect.
Procedural defenses may apply as well. Home invasion investigations often involve police dragnets. Officers may detain and interrogate “the usual suspects” even though they lack cause to do so.
An experienced Oakland County criminal defense attorney can use these defenses, and others, in the following situations.
Fourth-Degree Home Invasion
The lowest home invasion classification applies if the defendant entered a building or dwelling without using any force with the intent to commit a misdemeanor.
Assume Janice obtains a personal protective order against her estranged boyfriend Mike. Her PPO includes a no-contact provision. Without Janice’s knowledge or permission, Mike uses his spare key to enter Janice’s apartment, planning to confront her. But when he sets foot inside, he changes his mind and leaves. Mike could be guilty of fourth-degree home invasion.
Third-Degree Home Invasion
This infraction is also a misdemeanor. The elements are breaking, entering, and committing a misdemeanor.
Let’s stay with the same example and change the facts. Instead of using a spare key, Mike forces the door open. He leans into the apartment, yells obscenities at Janice, and leaves. Mike could be guilty of third-degree home invasion.
Second-Degree Home Invasion
This felony is the most common lesser included offense in first-degree home invasion. In other words, if the defendant pleads guilty, prosecutors often reduce first-degree charges to second-degree charges. If the defendant has a valid defense, prosecutors may reduce the charges even further.
Second-degree home invasion is breaking and entering with the intent to commit a felony. Now assume Mike blames Janice for keying his car, so he goes to her apartment to steal some jewelry. If he breaks into the apartment, enters it, gets scared, and leaves, he may be guilty of second-degree home invasion.
First-Degree Home Invasion
This offense is almost exactly like second-degree home invasion. The defendant must have a deadly weapon and must commit any felony.
Assume Mike hits Janice on the head with his smartphone, looks around for jewelry, and runs away before he finds any. In this case, the smartphone was probably a deadly weapon. And, even though he did not commit the intended felony, he still committed a felony.
At trial, the prosecutor must prove every element of every offense beyond any reasonable doubt.
Contact a Tenacious Lawyer
It’s usually possible to successfully resolve home invasion charges. For a confidential consultation with an experienced Oakland County criminal attorney, contact Clarkston Legal. Convenient payment plans are available.